Studies on liquid junction potentials in concentrated chloride solutions and determination of ionic activities and hydration numbers by the emf method
Senanayake, G. and Muir, D.M. (1988) Studies on liquid junction potentials in concentrated chloride solutions and determination of ionic activities and hydration numbers by the emf method. Electrochimica Acta, 33 (1). pp. 3-9.
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The validity of the Henderson equation for calculating liquid junction potentials in concentrated salt solutions is examined by comparing the emf of cells Pt|H2, HCl (0.1–6M)‖saturated KCl|SCE and Ag|AgCl (saturated), NaCl, CaCl2 or MgCl2 (0.1–6M)‖saturated KCl|SCE with the emf values calculated from single ion activities of H+ and Cl− determined by the acidity function or hydration treatment. An excellent agreement and Nernstian response is obtained when the emf is corrected for EJ (Henderson) in up to 4 M HCl or 5 M NaCl, MgCl2 and CaCl2 test solutions. This is despite large changes in ionic activities and water activity at the liquid junction boundary and assumptions of ideal behaviour of the Henderson equation. Measurements of ionic activities of H+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Cl− measured by emf in solutions of varying water activity provide a rational set of ionic hydration numbers. The hydration numbers of H+ and Cl− were found to be 7 and 1, respectively.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences|
|Copyright:||© 1988 Published by Elsevier Ltd.|
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