Patterns of arrival and departure by breeding little penguins at Penguin Island, Western Australia
Klomp, N.I. and Wooller, R.D. (1991) Patterns of arrival and departure by breeding little penguins at Penguin Island, Western Australia. Emu, 91 (1). pp. 32-35.
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Similar numbers of Eudyptula minor came ashore at each of the three landfall points on beaches giving access to the main breeding area. Almost every marked bird consistently used only one of these landfall points, and nested close to this point, but the same individuals did not regularly come ashore together. Little penguins first arrived on the island 0.5-1 h after sunset throughout 1986-87, in groups of about ten. Peak arrivals occurred about 1-2 h after sunset and peak departures around sunrise. Arrival times and group sizes did not appear related to climatic conditions. The strict nocturnality of little penguins may be related to the avoidance of predators, human disturbance and heat stress, or to daylight feeding at sea.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological and Environmental Sciences|
|Copyright:||© Royal Australian Ornithologists Union 1991|
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