Amitraz depresses cardiovascular responses to bilateral carotid occlusion
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The ectoparasiticide amitraz stimulates α2,-adrenoceptors to produce side-effects such as bradycardia and hypotension. The actions of amitraz on baroreceptor reflex responses were evaluated in mongrel dogs by occlusion of both carotid arteries for 30-s periods. Incremental doses of amitraz given intravenously showed that doses of 60 μg/kg and above significantly depressed pressor responses to carotid occlusion. By comparison, 2 μg/kg amitraz given by intracisterna magna (i.c.m.) injection significantly depressed both blood pressure and heart rate responses. Pretreatment of dogs with i.c.m. yohimbine (30 μg/kg) prevented the depressant effects of amitraz on the reflex, but prazosin (20 μg/kg), in separate experiments, had no effect.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary Studies|
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