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The birds' nests of Borneo

Warren, J. (1997) The birds' nests of Borneo. In: Kheng, C.B., (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Malaysia: Early Modern History. Editions Didier Millet, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 28-29.


At the end of the 18th century, the Sulu zone and Borneo emerged as a thriving economic region. A number of social, political and historical factors contributed to their prosperity. Foremost among these was the demand from China for edible birds' nests, the procurement of which was dependent upon Borneo's tribal highlanders and rainforest nomads. They were at the lowest level of a complex distribution system for this prized commodity. At the apex of this system was the sultan of Sulu.

Publication Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Social Inquiry
Publisher: Editions Didier Millet
Publishers Website:
Notes: Volume VII
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