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Andromonoecy and fruit set in three genera of the Proteaceae

Ladd, P.G. and Connell, S.W. (1994) Andromonoecy and fruit set in three genera of the Proteaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 116 (1). pp. 77-88.

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It has been suggested by some authors that the low fruit to flower ratio in some Proteaceae is due to andromonoecy, while others, looking particularly at Banksia , have not been able to find evidence for male flowers in the inflorescences. Stirlingia latifolia, Xylomelum occidentale and X. angustifolium are clearly andromonoccous, while no evidence for this condition could be found in Brabejum stellatifolium. Production of fertile fruit is related to andromonoecy in Xylomelum and S. latifolia but not in Brabejum. It is unlikely that all-encompassing solutions will be found to what initially seem to be widespread traits in the family, especially in regard to pollination biology, as the genera in the family occupy widely different environments and have very diverse ecological ranges.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 1994 The Linnean Society of London.
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