Dimorphic Alu element located between the TFIIH and CDSN genes within the major histocompatibility complex
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Most Alu members of the large SINE family are fixed within the human genome but some younger mobile members are dimorphic, that is, they are either present or absent in the genome. Four different dimorphic Alu insertions have been identified and characterized previously within the class I region of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Here we report on (i) the identification and characterization of a new dimorphic Alu insertion, AluyTF, located between the transcription factor II H (TFIIH) and corneodesmosin (CDSN) genes within a region of the MHC that is telomeric of the human leukocyte antigen type B (HLA-B) locus and centromeric of the HLA-A locus, (ii) the haplotypic relationships between the AluyTF dimorphism and the HLA-A and -B loci within a panel of 48 IHW cell-lines representing at least 36 different HLA class I haplotypes, (iii) the AluyTF genotype, allele and haplotype frequencies present in the Australian caucasian and Japanese populations, and (iv) the frequency of association between the AluTF dimorphisms and HLA-A and -B alleles in 108 Australian caucasians and 99 Japanese. The AluyTF insertion was present at 27% in the IHW cell lines, and the gene frequency was 0.107 and 0.083 in the Australian caucasian and Japanese population, respectively. The Alu haplotype frequencies constructed from four different dimorphic Alu loci including AluyTF within the MHC were not significantly different (p > 0.05) between the two populations. There were no significant associations between the Alu insertion and either the HLA-A or -B alleles except for a moderately strong association with HLA-A29 in the Australians (71.7%). This polymorphic AluyTF element, along with the four other previously described polymorphic Alu elements within the class I region of the MHC, will be useful lineage and linkage markers in human population studies and for elucidating the evolution of HLA class I haplotypes.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Information Technology|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons Ltd|
|Copyright:||2003 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co|
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