Evaluation of IL12B as a candidate type I diabetes susceptibility gene using data from the Type I Diabetes Genetics Consortium
Morahan, G., McKinnon, E., Berry, J., Browning, B., Julier, C., Pociot, F. and James, I. (2009) Evaluation of IL12B as a candidate type I diabetes susceptibility gene using data from the Type I Diabetes Genetics Consortium. Genes and Immunity, 10 . S64-S68.
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As part of its efforts to identify genes affecting the risk of type I diabetes (T1D), the Type I Diabetes Genetics Consortium commissioned an extensive survey of variants associated with genes reported earlier to have an association with disease susceptibility. In this report, we present the analysis of a set of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within and flanking the IL12B gene, which encodes the p40 subunit of the cytokines interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23. No SNP showed individually significant association in the population as a whole. Nevertheless, subjects stratified according to genotype at the earlier reported SNP in the IL12B 3′UTR, rs3212227, confirmed small, but significant, differences in age of disease onset with a relative hazard0.88 (P=0.005). The protective effect of rs3212227 allele 2 was gender specific (P=0.004 overall and P=0.0003 when unaffected siblings were considered). Among females, the 2.2 genotype was more protective, with relative hazard0.75. We conclude that while there was no major effect of IL12B polymorphisms on T1D susceptibility in the entire study group, they have an impact on a subset of at-risk individuals.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||Centre for Clinical Immunology and Biomedical Statistics|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
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