Demonstration of polymorphism among Brucella ovis field isolates by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
Ridler, A.L., Leyland, M.J., Fenwick, S.G. and West, D.M. (2005) Demonstration of polymorphism among Brucella ovis field isolates by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Veterinary Microbiology, 108 (1-2). pp. 69-74.
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Brucella ovis is recognized worldwide as an important pathogen of sheep, and has also been identified in farmed deer in New Zealand. Previously, only one strain type of B. ovis has been identified. The objective of this paper was to perform pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) on field isolates of B. ovis to determine whether strain variations exist, whether sheep and deer are affected by the same strains, and to compare the performance of the rare-cutting restriction enzymes XbaI and SwaI. Ten B. ovis isolates from sheep and two from deer in New Zealand, as well as the type strain, were subjected to PFGE analysis using both XbaI and SwaI. PFGE of XbaI restriction fragments produced two banding patterns consisting of 27-28 bands, which were found to be 98% similar by cluster analysis, and were named X1 and X1a. PFGE of SwaI restriction fragments resulted in three banding patterns consisting of 13-15 bands each. Ten of the isolates had identical banding patterns and were named S1. One isolate differed by one band, representing a subtype named S1a. Two isolates differed by six bands, representing a different strain type of B. ovis and this was named S2. Cluster analysis showed S2 to be 78% similar to the S1/S1a cluster. Both strain types were isolated from both sheep and deer. Thus, two distinct strain types of B. ovis were identified in New Zealand, which is the first report of more than one strain type being identified worldwide. Neither strain was species-specific for sheep or deer. The restriction endonuclease SwaI was found to be more discriminatory than the enzyme XbaI, which has been used in previous studies.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences|
|Copyright:||© 2005 Elsevier B.V.|
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