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Molecular discrimination of Bx7 alleles demonstrates that a highly expressed high-molecular-weight glutenin allele has a major impact on wheat flour dough strength

Butow, B.J., Ma, W., Gale, K.R., Cornish, G.B., Rampling, L., Larroque, O., Morell, M.K. and Békés, F. (2003) Molecular discrimination of Bx7 alleles demonstrates that a highly expressed high-molecular-weight glutenin allele has a major impact on wheat flour dough strength. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 107 (8). pp. 1524-1532.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1396-8
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Abstract

High-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) are important determinants of wheat dough quality as they confer visco-elastic properties to the dough required for mixing and baking performance. With this important role, the HMW-GS alleles are key markers in breeding programs. In this work, we present the use of a PCR marker initially designed to discriminate Glu1 Bx7 and Glu1 Bx17 HMW-GS. It was discovered that this marker also differentiated two alleles, originally both scored as Glu1 Bx7, present in the wheat lines CD87 and Katepwa respectively, by a size polymorphism of 18 bp. The marker was scored across a segregating doubled-haploid (DH) population (CD87 × Katepwa) containing 156 individual lines and grown at two sites. Within this population, the marker differentiated lines showing the over-expression of the Glu1 Bx7 subunit (indicated by the larger PCR fragment), derived from the CD87 parent, relative to lines showing the normal expression of the Glu1 Bx7 subunit, derived from the Katepwa parent. DNA sequence analysis showed that the observed size polymorphism was due to an 18 bp insertion/deletion event at the C-terminal end of the central repetitive domain of the Glu1 Bx 7 coding sequence, which resulted in an extra copy of the hexapeptide sequence QPGQGQ in the deduced amino-acid sequence of Bx7 from CD87. When the DH population was analysed using this novel Bx7 PCR marker, SDS PAGE and RP HPLC, there was perfect correlation between the Bx7 PCR marker results and the expression level of Bx7. This differentiation of the population was confirmed by both SDS-PAGE and RP-HPLC. The functional significance of this marker was assessed by measuring key dough properties of the 156 DH lines. A strong association was shown between lines with an over expression of Bx7 and high dough strength. Furthermore, the data demonstrated that there was an additional impact of Glu-D1 alleles on dough properties, with lines containing both over-expressed Bx7 and Glu-D1 5+10 having the highest levels of dough strength. However, there was no statistically significant epistatic interaction between Glu-B1 and Glu-D1 loci.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: 2003 Springer-Verlag
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/15975
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