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Changes in airborne fungi from the outdoors to indoor air; large HVAC systems in nonproblem buildings in two different climates

Kemp, P.C., Neumeister-Kemp, H.G., Esposito, B., Lysek, G. and Murray, F. (2003) Changes in airborne fungi from the outdoors to indoor air; large HVAC systems in nonproblem buildings in two different climates. AIHA Journal, 64 (2). pp. 269-275.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1202/1542-8125(2003)64<269:CI...
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Abstract

Little is known about the changes in occurrence and distribution of airborne fungi as they are transported in the airstream from the outdoor air through the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system to the indoor air. To better understand this, airborne fungi were analyzed in the HVAC systems of two large office buildings in different climate zones. Fungal samples were taken in each of the walk-in chambers of the HVAC systems using a six-stage Andersen Sampler with malt extract agar. Results showed that fungal species changed with different locations in the HVAC systems. The outdoor air intake produced the greatest filtration effect for both the counts and species of outdoor air fungi. The colony forming unit (CFU) counts and species diversity was further reduced in the air directly after the filters. The cooling coils also had a substantial filtration effect. However, in room air the CFU counts were double and the mixture of fungal species was different from the air leaving the HVAC system at the supply air outlet in most locations. Diffusion of outdoor air fungi to the indoors did not explain the changes in the mixture of airborne fungi from the outdoor air to the indoor air, and some of the fungi present in the indoor air did not appear to be transported indoors by the HVAC systems.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Allen Press
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/15232
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