Predisposition to nevirapine hypersensitivity associated with HLA-DRB1*0101 and abrogated by low CD4 T-cell counts
Martin, A.M., Nolan, D., James, I., Cameron, P., Keller, J., Moore, C., Phillips, E., Christiansen, F.T. and Mallal, S. (2005) Predisposition to nevirapine hypersensitivity associated with HLA-DRB1*0101 and abrogated by low CD4 T-cell counts. AIDS, 19 (1). pp. 97-99.
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Genetic (human leukocyte antigen), disease-related and demographic risk factors for nevirapine reactions were examined in a nevirapine-exposed cohort. Cases involving combinations of hepatitis, fever or rash were associated with an interaction between HLA-DRB1*0101 and the percentage of CD4, whereas no associations were detected for isolated rash. These data suggest that HLA-DRB1*0101 and the CD4 status may determine susceptibility to nevirapine hypersensitivity, consistent with a CD4 T-cell-dependent immune response to nevirapine-specific antigens.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||Centre for Clinical Immunology and Biomedical Statistics|
|Publisher:||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Ltd.|
|Copyright:||© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.|
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