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Cross-sectional study reveals high prevalence of Clostridium difficile Non-PCR ribotype 078 strains in Australian veal calves at slaughter

Knight, D.R., Thean, S., Putsathit, P., Fenwick, S. and Riley, T.V. (2013) Cross-sectional study reveals high prevalence of Clostridium difficile Non-PCR ribotype 078 strains in Australian veal calves at slaughter. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 79 (8). pp. 2630-2635.

Free to read: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.03951-12
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Abstract

Recent reports in North America and Europe of Clostridium difficile being isolated from livestock and retail meats of bovine origin have raised concerns about the risk to public health. To assess the situation in Australia, we investigated the prevalence and genetic diversity of C. difficile in adult cattle and calves at slaughter. Carcass washings, gastrointestinal contents, and feces were collected from abattoirs across five Australian states. Selective culture, toxin profiling, and PCR ribotyping were performed. The prevalence of C. difficile was 56% (203/360 samples) in feces from <7-day-old calves, 3.8% (1/26) in 2- to 6-month-old calves, and 1.8% (5/280) in adult cattle. Three PCR ribotypes (RTs), RT127, RT033, and RT126, predominated in <7-day-old calves and comprised 77.8% (158/203 samples) of isolates. RT056, which has not been reported in cattle before, was found in 16 <7-day-old calves (7.7%). Surprisingly, RT078 strains, which dominate production animal carriage studies in the Northern Hemisphere, were not isolated.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Copyright: © 2013, American Society for Microbiology
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/14822
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