Evaluation of a 23S rDNA polymerase chain reaction assay for identification of Serpulina intermedia, and strain typing using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
Suriyaarachchi, D.S., Mikosza, A.S.J., Atyeo, R.F. and Hampson, D.J. (2000) Evaluation of a 23S rDNA polymerase chain reaction assay for identification of Serpulina intermedia, and strain typing using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Veterinary Microbiology, 71 (1-2). pp. 139-148.
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A polymerase chain reaction assay, amplifying a 1027 base pair portion of the 23S rDNA gene, was evaluated for identification of the intestinal spirochaete Serpulina intermedia. A total of 34 strains of S. intermedia isolated from pigs and chickens and 195 strains of other related species were tested. The optimised assay correctly identified all the S. intermedia strains, but generated 11 false positive reactions, giving a test sensitivity of 100% and a test specificity of 94.3%. The false positive reactions were generated from strains of four different species of intestinal spirochaetes, and the product was of the original predicted size. This suggests that the primer sites selected on the 23S rRNA gene were not completely specific for S. intermedia. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was then developed to investigate diversity amongst the S. intermedia strains. All strains tested had distinct DNA banding patterns using Mlu1, although three isolates from chickens on the same farm appeared closely related. The collection exhibited considerable genetic diversity, and strains from pigs and chickens were distributed in clusters throughout the dendrogram produced. The most closely related porcine and avian strains shared only 62% similarity.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences|
|Copyright:||© 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.|
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