Effects of leukotriene C4on the bioelectric properties and ion transport of equine tracheal epithelium
Lester, G.D. and Rice, B.L. (2012) Effects of leukotriene C4on the bioelectric properties and ion transport of equine tracheal epithelium. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 73 (12). pp. 2007-2012.
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Objective-To determine effects of leukotriene (LT) C4 on ion transport across equine tracheal epithelium. Sample-Tracheal epithelium from cadavers of 24 horses considered free of respiratory tract disease. Procedures-Mucosae were mounted into Ussing chambers, and short-circuit current (Isc) was monitored over time. Effects of LTC4 were examined for various conditions, including addition of amiloride (10μM) to the mucosal bath solution, addition of bumetanide (10μM) to the serosal bath solution, addition of barium (1mM) to the serosal bath solution, and substitution of gluconate for chloride and HEPES for bicarbonate in bath solutions. Electrolyte transport was assessed via 22Na and 36Cl isotope fluxes. Results-Addition of LTC4 (50nM) to the serosal bath solution caused an increase in Isc for basal conditions and a larger increase after pretreatment with amiloride. The increase was negated in part by the addition of bumetanide to the serosal bath solution and further reduced by substitution of HEPES for bicarbonate in bath solutions. Remaining current was reduced to values less than those before treatment with LTC4 by the addition of barium to the serosal solution. There was a small increase in Isc after the addition of amiloride and substitution of gluconate for chloride. Radioisotope flux indicated that addition of LTC4 to the serosal bath solution increased chloride secretion and reduced sodium absorption. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-LTC4 stimulated chloride secretion through a predominately bumetanide-sensitive pathway, with a smaller contribution from a bicarbonatedependent pathway. Thus, LTC4 appears to be a potential mediator of airway hypersecretion in horses.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences|
|Publisher:||American Veterinary Medical Association|
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