Genotyping Cryptosporidium parvum by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of ribosomal and heat shock gene regions
Gasser, R.B., Zhu, X-Q, Cacciò, S.M., Chalmers, R.M., Widmer, G., Morgan, U.M., Thompson, R.C.A., Pozio, E. and Browning, G.F. (2001) Genotyping Cryptosporidium parvum by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of ribosomal and heat shock gene regions. Electrophoresis, 22 (3). pp. 433-437.
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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-coupled single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) approaches utilizing nuclear DNA regions of the small subunit (SSU) of ribosomal RNA and heat shock protein 70 gene (HSP70) were established for genotyping Cryptosporidium parvum. The regions were amplified (individually or in a multiplex reaction) by PCR from DNA extracted from oocysts from ruminant or human hosts, then denatured and subjected to electrophoresis in a mutation detection enhancement (nondenaturing) gel matrix. Single-strand profiles produced in SSCP allowed the unequivocal identification/differentiation of the two common (human, 1 and cattle, 2) genotypes of C. parvum and the direct display of sequence variability within some samples, reflecting population variation. As these are considered among the most closely related genotypes (based on SSU and HSP70 sequence data), these findings and other preliminary results for C. felis (from cat) C. serpentis (from snake) and C. baileyi (from bird) indicate that the SSCP approaches established could be employed to identify any of the currently recognised genotypes and species of Cryptosporidium.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons Ltd|
|Copyright:||© 2001 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH|
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