Successful in vitro cultivation of Cryptosporidium andersoni: evidence for the existence of novel extracellular stages in the life cycle and implications for the classification of Cryptosporidium
Hijjawi, N., Meloni, B.P., Ryan, U.M., Olson, M.E. and Thompson, R.C.A. (2002) Successful in vitro cultivation of Cryptosporidium andersoni: evidence for the existence of novel extracellular stages in the life cycle and implications for the classification of Cryptosporidium. International Journal for Parasitology, 32 (14). pp. 1719-1726.
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The present study describes the complete development of all life cycle stages of Cryptosporidium andersoni in the HCT-8 cell line. The in vitro cultivation protocols were the same as those used for the successful growth of all life cycle stages of Cryptosporidium parvum (Int. J. Parasitol. 31 (2001) 1048). Under these culture conditions, C. andersoni grew and proliferated rapidly with the completion of the entire life cycle within 72h post-infection. The developmental stages of C. andersoni are larger than those of C. parvum enabling easier identification of life cycle stages including a previously unrecognised extracellular stage. The presence of this extracellular stage was further confirmed following its isolation from the faeces of infected cattle using a laser microdissection technique. This stage was present in large numbers and some of them were seen undergoing syzgy. Extraction of DNA from the extracellular stage, followed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing of the 18S rDNA confirmed that this is a stage in the life cycle of C. andersoni. In vitro, extracellular stages were always observed moving over the HCT-8 cells infected with C. andersoni. Comparative observations with C. parvum also confirmed the presence of extracellular stages. Extracellular stages were recovered from in vitro culture after 5 days post-infection with the cattle genotype of C. parvum and from infected mice. At least two morphologically different stages (stages one and two) were purified from mice after 72h of infection. The presence and morphological characterisation of extracellular developmental stages in the life cycle of Cryptosporidium confirms its relationship to gregarines and provides important implications for our understanding of the taxonomic and phylogenetic affinities of the genus Cryptosporidium. The growth of C. andersoni in cell culture now provides a means of studying its development, metabolism, and behaviour as well as testing its response to different therapeutic agents.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences|
|Copyright:||© 2002 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.|
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