Genetic Diversity of Cryptosporidium spp. in Captive Reptiles
Xiao, L., Ryan, U.M., Graczyk, T.K., Limor, J., Li, L., Kombert, M., Junge, R., Sulaiman, I., Zhou, L., Arrowood, M.J., Koudela, B., Modry, D. and Lal, A.A. (2004) Genetic Diversity of Cryptosporidium spp. in Captive Reptiles. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70 (2). pp. 891-899.
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The genetic diversity of Cryptosporidium in reptiles was analyzed by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequence analysis of the small subunit rRNA gene. A total of 123 samples were analyzed, of which 48 snake samples, 24 lizard samples, and 3 tortoise samples were positive for Cryptosporidium. Nine different types of Cryptosporidium were found, including Cryptosporidium serpentis, Cryptosporidium desert monitor genotype, Cryptosporidium muris, Cryptosporidium parvum bovine and mouse genotypes, one C. serpentis-like parasite in a lizard, two new Cryptosporidium spp. in snakes, and one new Cryptosporidium sp. in tortoises. C. serpentis and the desert monitor genotype were the most common parasites and were found in both snakes and lizards, whereas the C. muris and C. parvum parasites detected were probably the result of ingestion of infected rodents. Sequence and biologic characterizations indicated that the desert monitor genotype was Cryptosporidium saurophilum. Two host-adapted C. serpentis genotypes were found in snakes and lizards.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Copyright:||© 2004, American Society for Microbiology.|
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