Solar PV program in Fiji - Is it a RESCO approach?
Urmee, T. and Harries, D. (2009) Solar PV program in Fiji - Is it a RESCO approach? In: 5th Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 30 September - 3 October, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
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Rural SHS electrification programs have been implemented in most countries in the Asia-Pacific region using a range of delivery mechanisms and financial mechanisms. Most of these programs, however, are not managing to keep pace with population increases. In Fiji the Program is implemented by the Department of Energy (DoEF) and has been developed to provide electricity for lighting for remote households located in rural areas where supplying electricity via the grid is not an economic option. A survey was carried out to measure the program success and to understand the issues related to program development. This research aims to provide a better understanding on the Fijian SHS program. The approaches used in implementation of the Fijian program are similar to those adopted in other countries of the region. The reported lack of success of the Fijian program therefore cannot be readily attributed to substantive differences from other programs in terms of the approach being used. Survey results shows that the impacts of the program on social issues are positive. The concept of RESCO did not support the Fiji program. The program is relies on donor-supplied capital equipment to get started therefore not commercially replicable. All components under the program are owned by the Government and the tariff was designed only to cover the monitoring cost. It was found that the implementation of the program suffers from a lack of well developed support infrastructure. This manifests itself in weak monitoring and maintenance program that gives rise to significant technical problem. The program also suffers from lack of planning and policy. It is not a full RESCO program as the program is totally run by the Government and there is no service company who is responsible for the program. Government has not been generally successful in providing quality after sales support of the program. Overall, the program concept was good but it needs proper planning and implementation mechanism to make this program successful. There is a need to develop proper monitoring systems available under the program mechanism and ensuring quality service, quality components and implementation of the policy.
|Publication Type:||Conference Paper|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Engineering and Energy|
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