Serologic study of pig-associated viral zoonoses in Laos
Conlan, J.V., Vongxay, K., Jarman, R.G., Gibbons, R.V., Lunt, R. A., Fenwick, S., Thompson, R.C.A. and Blacksell, S.D. (2012) Serologic study of pig-associated viral zoonoses in Laos. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 86 (6). pp. 1077-1084.
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We conducted a serologic survey of four high-priority pig-associated viral zoonoses, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), hepatitis E virus (HEV), Nipah virus (NiV), and swine influenza virus (SIV), in Laos. We collected blood from pigs at slaughter during May 2008-January 2009 in four northern provinces. Japanese encephalitis virus hemagglutination inhibition seroprevalence was 74.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 71.5-77.9%), JEV IgM seroprevalence was 2.3% (95% CI = 1.2-3.2%), and HEV seroprevalence was 21.1% (95% CI = 18.1-24.0%). Antibodies to SIV were detected in 1.8% (95% CI = 0.8-2.8%) of pigs by screening enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and only subtype H3N2 was detected by hemagglutination inhibition in two animals with an inconclusive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay result. No NiV antibody-positive pigs were detected. Our evidence indicates that peak JEV and HEV transmission coincides with the start of the monsoonal wet season and poses the greatest risk for human infection.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences|
|Publisher:||American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Copyright:||© 2012 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
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