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The first genetic maps for subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) and comparative genomics with T. pratense L. and Medicago truncatula Gaertn. to identify new molecular markers for breeding

Ghamkhar, K., Isobe, S., Nichols, P.G.H., Faithfull, T., Ryan, M.H., Snowball, R., Sato, S. and Appels, R. (2012) The first genetic maps for subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) and comparative genomics with T. pratense L. and Medicago truncatula Gaertn. to identify new molecular markers for breeding. Molecular Breeding, 30 (1). pp. 213-226.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11032-011-9612-8
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Abstract

This study reports on the construction of the first genetic maps of subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.), a diploid, inbreeding annual pasture legume, and alignment of its linkage groups with those of red clover (T. pratense L.) and Medicago truncatula Gaertn. Transferability of red and white clover (T. repens L.) simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to subterranean clover was observed. A total of 343 SSR loci were mapped into eight subterranean clover linkage groups, with 6-31 loci per linkage group and 27 loci with similar locations between two distinct F (2) mapping populations. Phenotypic data obtained for flowering time, content of three isoflavonoids (formononetin, genistein and biochanin A), hardseededness, leaf markings, calyx pigmentation and hairiness of stems were analyzed, together with genotypic data. Genomic intervals influencing each trait were assigned to one to three chromosome regions, accounting for 5.5-59.8% of the phenotypic variance. Syntenic relationships were observed among subterranean clover, red clover and Medicago truncatula genomes. Comparisons of loci shared between the three species indicated that at least two chromosomal regions have undergone duplications in the subterranean clover genome. Candidate genes for isoflavone content were identified using M. truncatula as a reference genome. Synteny-based segmentation observed in Brassicaceae chromosomes helped to account for the apparent segmental-based relationship between the clover genomes, particularly within the subterranean clover lines. The proposed segmental nature of clover genome could account for the extensive variation observed between the parental genotypes, while not preventing production of fertile intercrosses.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Comparative Genomics
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/9128
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