Emulsion inhibiting components in crude oils
Graham, B.F., May, E.F. and Trengove, R.D. (2008) Emulsion inhibiting components in crude oils. Energy & Fuels, 22 (2). pp. 1093-1099.
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We fractionated a series of West African and West Australian crude oils into the four standard solubility classes: saturates, aromatics, resins, and asphaltenes (SARA). The asphaltene fraction was then separated further into classes we have called binding resins (BR) and residual asphaltenes (RA) using a solvent of near-boiling heptane. The ratio ≡ BR/RA correlates strongly with the tightness of water-in-oil emulsions that these oils formed either in the field or the laboratory. Crucially, only the oil with > 1 did not form a stable emulsion and, for the oils which did, the smaller the value of , the tighter the observed emulsion in terms of its longevity and separation characteristics. Two-dimensional GC-MS was used to analyze the resin and binding resin fractions, which lead to the preliminary identification of the main components.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||Separation Science and Metabolomics Laboratory|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Copyright:||2008 American Chemical Society|
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