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Microsatellite typing and population structuring of Trypanosoma evansi in Mindanao, Philippines

McInnes, L.M., Dargantes, A.P., Ryan, U.M. and Reid, S.A. (2012) Microsatellite typing and population structuring of Trypanosoma evansi in Mindanao, Philippines. Veterinary Parasitology, 187 (1-2). pp. 129-139.

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    Trypanosoma evansi, a blood-borne protozoan parasite with an extensive geographical range is the causative agent of the livestock disease known as surra. A total of 140 out of 179 T. evansi isolates collected between 2006 and 2007 from 44 villages (comprising of 16 reported surra outbreaks) in 3 provinces (Agusan del Sur (ADS), Surigao del Sur (SDS) and Agusan del Norte (ADN)) in Mindanao, Philippines were each successfully genotyped using a suite of 7 polymorphic microsatellites. The study identified 16 multi locus genotypes (MLG) within the T. evansi isolates and evidence of the spread of surra outbreaks from one village to another, most likely due to the movement of infected animals. Genotyping provided evidence of population sub-structuring with 3 populations (I, II and III (only 1 isolate)) identified. The most abundant population was II, which was the predominant population in ADS and SDS (p= 0.022). In addition, buffalo mortality was statistically higher in outbreak areas associated with isolates from population I (13.6%) than with isolates from population II (6.9%) (p= 0.047). The present study has highlighted the utility of microsatellite loci to improve understanding of the epidemiology of T. evansi and in tracking surra outbreaks.

    Publication Type: Journal Article
    Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Copyright: © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
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