A periplasmic and extracellular c-type cytochrome of Geobacter sulfurreducens acts as a ferric iron reductase and as an electron carrier to other acceptors or to partner bacteria
Seeliger, S., Cord-Ruwisch, R. and Schink, B. (1998) A periplasmic and extracellular c-type cytochrome of Geobacter sulfurreducens acts as a ferric iron reductase and as an electron carrier to other acceptors or to partner bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 180 (14). pp. 3686-3691.
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An extracellular electron carrier excreted into the growth medium by cells of Geobacter sulfurreducens was identified as a c-type cytochrome. The cytochrome was found to be distributed in about equal amounts in the membrane fraction, the periplasmic space, and the surrounding medium during all phases of growth with acetate plus fumarate. It was isolated from periplasmic preparations and purified to homogeneity by cation. exchange chromatography, gel filtration, and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The electrophoretically homogeneous cytochrome had a molecular mass of 9.57 ± 0.02 kDa and exhibited in its reduced state absorption maxima at wavelengths of 552, 522, and 419 nm. The midpoint redox potential determined by redox titration was -0.167 V. With respect to molecular mass, redox properties, and molecular features, this cytochrome exhibited its highest similarity to the cytochromes c of Desulfovibrio salexigens and Desulfuromonas acetoxidans. The G. sulfurreducens cytochrome c reduced ferrihydrite (Fe(OH)3), Fe(III) nitrilotriacetic acid, Fe(III) citrate, and manganese dioxide at high rates. Elemental sulfur, anthraquinone disulfonate, and humic acids were reduced more slowly. G. sulfurreducens reduced the cytochrome with acetate as an electron donor and oxidized it with fumarate. Wolinella succinogenes was able to reduce externally provided cytochrome c of G. sulfurreducens with molecular hydrogen or formate as an electron donor and oxidized it with fumarate or nitrate as an electron acceptor. A coculture could be established in which G. sulfurreducens reduced the cytochrome with acetate, and the reduced cytochrome was reoxidized by W. succinogenes in the presence of nitrate. We conclude that this cytochrome can act as iron(III) reductase for electron transfer to insoluble iron hydroxides or to sulfur, manganese dioxide, or other oxidized compounds, and it can transfer electrons to partner bacteria.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Copyright:||© 1998 American Society for Microbiology|
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