Separation of zinc from spent zinc-carbon batteries by selective leaching with sodium hydroxide
Shin, S.M., Senanayake, G., Sohn, J-S, Kang, J-G, Yang, D-H and Kim, T-H (2009) Separation of zinc from spent zinc-carbon batteries by selective leaching with sodium hydroxide. Hydrometallurgy, 96 (4). pp. 349-353.
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Physical methods such as crushing and sieving followed by magnetic separation steps were applied to separate non-magnetic material (88.4 wt.%) from zinc-carbon spent batteries. The oversize material was processed by eddy current separation to recover zinc sheet, carbon rods, and plastics. The undersize fraction (- 2.36 mm) with a metal composition of 15.5% Zn, 17.5% Mn, and 1.4% Fe was used for the leaching experiments under different conditions such as concentration of sodium hydroxide, temperature, agitation speed, and pulp density. Selective leaching using 4 mol dm - 3 NaOH at 100 g dm - 3 solid/liquid ratio, 80 °C and 200 rpm gave a zinc extraction of 82% and a manganese extraction of less than 0.1%. An overall zinc recovery was about 88.5% by the processes described in this study.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Chemical and Mathematical Science|
|Copyright:||© 2008 Elsevier B.V.|
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