Comparative study of chelating ion exchange resins for the recovery of nickel and cobalt from laterite leach tailings
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Commercially available chelating resins with the iminodiacetate functional group have been evaluated for their suitability for the adsorption of nickel and other metal ions by a resin-in-pulp process from the tailings of a pressure acid leach process for nickel laterites. The Amberlite IRC 748 and TP 207 MonoPlus resins were found to be the most suitable in terms of loading capacity for nickel and kinetics of adsorption. The resin with the highest nominal capacity was observed to adsorb less nickel as a result of the adsorption of greater amounts of the impurity ions. The equilibrium loading for nickel on the preferred resin was found to be similar from the ammonium and protonated form of the resin although the kinetics of adsorption is greater when the resin is initially in the ammonium form. A study of the kinetics of the loading of nickel and cobalt from pulp has shown that the rate can be described in terms of a first-order approach to equilibrium. The optimum pH for adsorption was found to be in the range 4 to 5 as this pH is high enough to maximize the adsorption of nickel and cobalt while preventing precipitation of nickel and cobalt as hydroxides from the pulp. A method for minimizing the competition from more strongly loaded ions such as iron(III) and chromium(III) which are present in the pulp was also developed in the initial laboratory phase of the study.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Chemical and Mathematical Science|
|Copyright:||© 2008 Elsevier B.V.|
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