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Histomorphology of the proventriculus of three species of Australian passerines: Lichmera indistincta, zosterops lateralis and poephila guttata

Ogunkoya, Y.O. and Cook, R.D. (2009) Histomorphology of the proventriculus of three species of Australian passerines: Lichmera indistincta, zosterops lateralis and poephila guttata. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C: Anatomia Histologia Embryologia, 38 (4). pp. 246-253.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0264.2009.00930.x
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Abstract

Histomorphology of the proventriculi of nectarivorous, granivorous and omnivorous passerines was studied. The proventriculus consisted of mucosal, submucosal, muscularis and serosal layers. Proventricular wall was thickest in omnivore, thinnest in granivore and intermediate in nectarivore. The openings of mucosal glands had a single spiral-like fold of mucosa in the omnivorous Silvereye, 2-3 spirals in the granivorous Zebra finch and 4-5 spirals in the nectarivorous Brown honeyeater. The mucosal glands were arranged in a uniform row in the wall of the organ and opened individually via a primary duct to the lumen of the proventriculus. The surface epithelial cells of the tunica mucosa contained secretory cells and the proventricular glands contained endocrine, neck and oxynticopeptic cells. The ultrastructural features of the oxynticopeptic cells changed from the oral to the aboral portion of the gland. In the oral region, the cytoplasm presented numerous, smaller (600-900 nm) homogenously dense zymogen secretory vesicles and larger (0.8-2.3 μm) pale floccular, tubular, mucin-like secretory granules, few small mitochondria and RER while in the aboral portion of the gland, the cytoplasm presented numerous, large mitochondria with closely packed cristae, secondary lysosome and infolding of the basal and apical cell membrane. The tunica sub mucosa was thin with occasional large blood vessels. The tunica muscularis consisted of inner longitudinal, middle circular and outer longitudinal layers. The external tunica serosa contained large bundles of myelinated and unmyelinated axons that were possibly branches of the intestinal nerve. The structural adaptations of the proventriculi of these three species to their various diets are discussed.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Copyright: © 2009 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/7513
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