Ngā umanga – Māori business enterprise: Issues of Māori Enterprise
Love, M. and Love, T. (2009) Ngā umanga – Māori business enterprise: Issues of Māori Enterprise. Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand .
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In the 1990s and early 2000s the number of self-employed Māori increased at a greater rate than that of non-Māori, though Māori were still less likely to be self-employed than non-Māori in 2009. Māori, along with Pacific Islanders, had the lowest proportion of self-employment in New Zealand. Similar disparities between Māori and non-Māori are evident in general employment statistics. The economic restructuring of the 1980s and 1990s forced many Māori to participate in the small enterprise sector as ‘necessity entrepreneurs’.
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