Ngā umanga (Māori business enterprise): History of Māori enterprise
Love, M. and Love, T. (2009) Ngā umanga (Māori business enterprise): History of Māori enterprise. Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand .
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Māori were the first small-enterprise owners in New Zealand before European arrival. They had well-established bartering systems and regular trading patterns amongst their own whānau and hapū, within their iwi, and between various iwi.
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