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Neural network classification based on quantification of uncertainty

Kraipeerapun, Pawalai (2009) Neural network classification based on quantification of uncertainty. PhD thesis, Murdoch University.

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      Abstract

      This thesis deals with feedforward backpropagation neural networks and interval neutrosophic sets for the binary and multiclass classification problems. Neural networks are used to predict “true” and “false” output values. These results together with the uncertainty of type error and vagueness occurred in the prediction are then represented in the form of interval neutrosophic sets. Each element in an interval neutrosophic set consists of three membership values: truth, indeterminacy, and false. These three membership values are then used in the classification process. For binary classification, a pair of neural networks is first applied in order to predict the degrees of truth and false membership values. Subsequently, bagging technique is applied to an ensemble of pairs of neural networks in order to improve the performance. For multiclass classification, two basic multiclass classification methods are proposed. A pair of neural networks with multiple outputs and multiple pairs of binary neural network are experimented. A number of aggregation techniques are proposed in this thesis. The difference between each pair of the truth and false membership values determines the vagueness value. Error occurred in the prediction are estimated using an interpolation technique. Both vagueness and error then form the indeterminacy membership. Two and three dimensional visualization of the three membership values are also presented. Ten data sets obtained from UCI machine learning repository are experimented with the proposed approaches. The approaches are also applied to two real world problems: mineral prospectivity prediction and lithofacies classification.

      Publication Type: Thesis (PhD)
      Murdoch Affiliation: School of Information Technology
      Supervisor: Fung, Lance and Wong, Kevin
      URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/699
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