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Restricted Aeroallergen Access to Airway Mucosal Dendritic Cells In Vivo Limits Allergen-Specific CD4+ T Cell Proliferation during the Induction of Inhalation Tolerance

Fear, V.S., Burchell, J.T., Lai, S.P., Wikstrom, M.E., Blank, F., von Garnier, C., Turner, D.J., Sly, P.D., Holt, P.G., Strickland, D.S. and Stumbles, P.A. (2011) Restricted Aeroallergen Access to Airway Mucosal Dendritic Cells In Vivo Limits Allergen-Specific CD4+ T Cell Proliferation during the Induction of Inhalation Tolerance. The Journal of Immunology, 187 (9). pp. 4561-4570.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1004189
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Abstract

Chronic innocuous aeroallergen exposure attenuates CD4+ T cell-mediated airways hyperresponsiveness in mice; however, the mechanism(s) remain unclear. We examined the role of airway mucosal dendritic cell (AMDC) subsets in this process using a multi-OVA aerosol-induced tolerance model in sensitized BALB/c mice. Aeroallergen capture by both CD11blo and CD11bhi AMDC and the delivery of OVA to airway draining lymph nodes by CD8α- migratory dendritic cells (DC) were decreased in vivo (but not in vitro) when compared with sensitized but nontolerant mice. This was functionally significant, because in vivo proliferation of OVA-specific CD4 + T cells was suppressed in airway draining lymph nodes of tolerized mice and could be restored by intranasal transfer of OVA-pulsed and activated exogenous DC, indicating a deficiency in Ag presentation by endogenous DC arriving from the airway mucosa. Bone marrow-derived DC Ag-presenting function was suppressed in multi-OVA tolerized mice, and allergen availability to airway APC populations was limited after multi-OVA exposure, as indicated by reduced OVA and dextran uptake by airway interstitial macrophages, with diffusion rather than localization of OVA across the airway mucosal surface. These data indicate that inhalation tolerance limits aeroallergen capture by AMDC subsets through a mechanism of bone marrow suppression of DC precursor function coupled with reduced Ag availability in vivo at the airway mucosa, resulting in limited Ag delivery to lymph nodes and hypoproliferation of allergen-specific CD4 + T cells.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
Copyright: © 2011 by The American Association of Immunologists
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/6084
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