Solubility of sparingly soluble ionic solids in liquids
Gamsjäger, H. and Königsberger, E. (2004) Solubility of sparingly soluble ionic solids in liquids. In: Hefter, G.T. and Tomkins, R.P.T., (eds.) The Experimental Determination of Solubilities. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, pp. 315-358.
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Solubilities in aqueous media of sparingly soluble ionic compounds or homogeneous solid mixtures play an important role in chemical processes, whether carried out on a laboratory or an industrial scale. The respective solubility phenomena, i.e. dissolution and precipitation reactions, frequently control procedures for preparing, separating and purifying chemicals. Moreover, the interactions of the hydrological cycle with the cycle of rocks, the naturally occurring dissolution of minerals in water, as well as their precipitation on the ocean floor and in the sediments of rivers and lakes, can often be simply described iii terms of solubility equilibria, although gigantic quantities of material may be involved. Solid—solute equilibrium chemistry has usually been restricted to pure solids, whereas most minerals are solid solutions. Consequently, this chapter also deals with homogeneous solid mixtures or solid solutions, whose solubilities not only depend on those of the respective end members but also on the excess Gibbs energies of mixing.
|Publication Type:||Book Chapter|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Chemical and Mathematical Science|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons, Ltd|
|Copyright:||© 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd|
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