Boron deficiency in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]: Symptoms in seeds and differences among soybean cultivars in susceptibility to boron deficiency
Rerkasem, B., Bell, R.W., Lodkaew, S. and Loneragan, J.F. (1993) Boron deficiency in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]: Symptoms in seeds and differences among soybean cultivars in susceptibility to boron deficiency. Plant and Soil, 150 (2). pp. 289-294.
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The susceptibility of soybean cultivars (cvs) to boron (B) deficiency was examined in three experiments on a Typic Tropaqualf in Northern Thailand: one experiment also included peanut cv Tainan 9 and black gram cv Regur.
Without added B (B0), B deficiency depressed seed yield by 60% in soybean cv NW1 compared with 30% in cv SJ5, 40% in cv 7016, 45% in peanut, and 93% in black gram. B deficiency also induced a localised depression on the internal surface of one or both cotyledons of some soybean seeds resembling the symptom of hollow heart in peanut seeds. It induced 50% hollow heart in peanut, 17% in soybean cv NW1, 5% in SJ5, and 1% in 7016: black gram seeds had no symptoms. Addition of B decreased or eliminated the symptoms.
In a comparison of 19 soybean cvs, the incidence of hollow heart symptoms in seeds at B0 varied widely from none in two cvs to 75% in cv Buchanan: cv NW1 showed intermediate susceptibility to B deficiency with 36% hollow heart in its seed while SJ5 was insensitive with 1%. Application of B eliminated hollow heart except from one seed in one cultivar. The results suggest that susceptibility to B deficiency is sufficiently important and variable among soybean genotypes to warrant its inclusion as a selection criterion when breeding cultivars for areas with low soil B.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological and Environmental Sciences|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Copyright:||1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers|
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