Differences between Bradyrhizobium strains NC92 and TAL1000 in their nodulation and nitrogen fixation with peanut in iron deficient soil
O'Hara, G.W., Hartzook, A., Bell, R.W. and Loneragan, J.F. (1993) Differences between Bradyrhizobium strains NC92 and TAL1000 in their nodulation and nitrogen fixation with peanut in iron deficient soil. Plant and Soil, 155-56 (1). pp. 333-336.
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The effects of Bradyrhizobium (strains NC92 and TAL1000) and Fe supply on nodulation and nitrogen fixation of two peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars (cv. Tainan 9 (Fe inefficient) and cv. 71-234 (Fe efficient)) grown under Fe deficient conditions (imposed by adding 40% CaCO3 to a ferruginous soil) were examined in a glasshouse experiment. When inoculated with TAL1000 without Fe, both cultivars had low shoot N concentration, very low nodule numbers and weight and no measurable acetylene reduction activity per plant. Inoculation with NC92 without Fe increased all these parameters substantially; addition of Fe with NC92 had no further effect on N concentration but doubled nodule number, weight and acetylene reduction activity per plant. Addition of Fe with TAL1000 increased all parameters to the same level as Fe+NC92, indicating that the poorer nodulation and N2 fixation of TAL1000 in the absence of Fe, resulted from a poorer ability in getting its Fe supply from the alkaline soil. The nodules from all treatments with measurable activity had the same specific acetylene reduction activity suggesting that Fe deficiency limited nodule development.
The results support previous suggestions that Bradyrhizobium strains differ greatly in their ability to obtain Fe from soils and that selection of Fe efficient strains could complement plant breeding in the selection of legume crops for Fe deficient soils.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological and Environmental Sciences|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Copyright:||1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers|
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