Development of a boron buffered solution culture system for controlled studies of plant boron nutrition
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Chelated-buffered nutrient solutions are used for studies on micronutrient metals but so far no equivalent system exists for boron nutrition studies: the present investigation was initiated with that intention. From a literature review, it was noted that a range of substances form chelates with boron including polyhydric alcohols, sugars and phenolic compounds. However, none apart from hydrofluoric acid formed chelates with formation constants comparable to those of micronutrient metal chelates like diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA). Moreover, most chelating substances had deleterious side effects which reduced their possible use in water culture: many of the compounds are substrates for bacterial growth, some are harmful to handle, and others are toxic to plants or humans. Borosilicate glass; was tested in a laboratory experiment but found to release boron too slowly into solution to maintain constant boron concentration in solution even when very finely ground. Current investigations centre around the use of a boron-specific resin, which strongly complexes H3BO3 on its N-methyl glucamine functional groups. The boron sorption capacity of the resin varied from 2.2 to 5.0 mg B g-1 resin. Boron saturated resin maintained an equilibrium solution boron concentration of 46 ut M when added at the rate of 2 g of resin to 1 L of boron free triple deionised water. Plants grown in complete nutrient solution with boron saturated resin added at 1 g per litre of nutrient solution grew as well as plants grown in conventional nutrient solution containing 9.2 ut M boron and their shoots contained adequate boron concentrations for growth. There was no evidence that the resin had effects on plant growth other than in releasing and equilibrating boron concentration in the nutrient solution.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological and Environmental Sciences|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Copyright:||1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers|
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