Relationship of seed boron concentration to germination and growth of soybean (t Glycine max)
Rerkasem, B., Bell, R.W., Lodkaew, S. and Loneragan, J.F. (1997) Relationship of seed boron concentration to germination and growth of soybean (t Glycine max). Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 48 (3). pp. 217-223.
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Soybean seeds with B concentrations ≤ 10 mg B kg-1 have been reported to have deformed cotyledons. This paper examines the relationship of seed B concentration to seed germination, seedling normality, and plant growth of soybean (Glycine max) cv. NW1 sown in soil with a range of B levels. Seed with 7 mg B kg-1 performed poorly, with 80% failing to germinate. Moreover, 70% of the seedlings which emerged were abnormal when sown on a low B soil. Increasing soil B had no effect on germination but decreased the percentage of abnormal seedlings by one third. Seed with 10 mg B kg-1 germinated as well as seed with 14 or 20 mg B kg-1, but when sown on a low B soil, 80% of the seedlings were abnormal compared with 50 and 20%, respectively. Increasing soil B almost eliminated the incidence of seedling abnormality when seed contained 10 – 20 mg B kg-1. When grown to maturity on the lowest soil B, plants from seed with 10 mg B kg-1 produced less than half the seed yield of plants from seed with 14 or 20 mg B kg-1. They had fewer pods per plant and fewer seeds per pod. They responded strongly to increasing soil B, so that in soil with higher B levels, plants from seed with 10, 14 or 20 mg B kg-1 gave the same yield.
The results suggested that soybean seed with a low concentration of B have permanently damaged seed embryos, preventing their germination or producing defective seedlings. At slightly higher concentrations, embryos are not permanently damaged, but require a higher level of external B for their normal development than do those with higher concentrations of seed B. In the present experiments, the critical concentration of B in soybean seed for permanent damage was between 7 and 10 mg B kg-1, and for normal seedling development in low B soils was between 14 and 20.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Environmental Science|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Copyright:||1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers|
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