Hydrothermal synthesis of cubic α-Fe2O3 microparticles using glycine: Surface characterization, reaction mechanism and electrochemical activity
Yin, C-Y, Minakshi, M., Ralph, D.E., Jiang, Z-T, Xie, Z. and Guo, H. (2011) Hydrothermal synthesis of cubic α-Fe2O3 microparticles using glycine: Surface characterization, reaction mechanism and electrochemical activity. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509 (41). pp. 9821-9825.
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Cubic α-Fe2O3 (hematite) microparticles (side lengths = 0.3–1.3 μm) have been synthesized using glycine and ferric chloride via a simple one-step hydrothermal reaction. Their morphological, mineralogical and surface properties have been determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XRD analysis indicated that the synthesized α-Fe2O3 microparticles were minerallogically pure. An increase in hydrothermal reaction duration from 10 to 24 h increased the atomic percentages of α-Fe2O3 on the surface of the microparticles by almost 8%. The mechanism concerning reactions of species to produce this microparticles precipitate was elucidated based on thermodynamics and ionic equilibrium aspects. In the electrochemical analysis, the synthesized α-Fe2O3 microparticles (as cathode material) exhibit an approximate charge capacity of 160 mAh/g and excellent coulombic efficiency of 94%.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Chemical and Mathematical Science|
School of Engineering and Energy
|Copyright:||2011 Elsevier B.V.|
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