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Rapid start-up of thermophilic anaerobic digestion with the turf fraction of MSW as inoculum

Suwannoppadol, S., Ho, G. and Cord-Ruwisch, R. (2011) Rapid start-up of thermophilic anaerobic digestion with the turf fraction of MSW as inoculum. Bioresource Technology, 102 (17). pp. 7762-7767.

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Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.06.008
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Abstract

This study aims to determine suitable start-up conditions and inoculum sources for thermophilic anaerobic digestion. Within days of incubation MSW at 55°C, methane was produced at a high rate. In an attempt to narrow down which components of typical MSW contained the thermophilic methanogens, vacuum cleaner dust, banana peel, kitchen waste, and garden waste were tested as inoculum for thermophilic methanogenesis with acetate as the substrate. Results singled out grass turf as the key source of thermophilic acetate degrading methanogenic consortia. Within 4. days of anaerobic incubation (55°C), anaerobically incubated grass turf samples produced methane accompanied by acetate degradation enabling successful start-up of thermophilic anaerobic digestion. Other essential start-up conditions are specified. Stirring of the culture was not conducive for successful start-up as it resulted specifically in propionate accumulation.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Environmental Science
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/5049
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