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Characterization of alkaline-earth oxide additions to the MnO2 cathode in an aqueous secondary battery

Minakshi, M., Blackford, M. and Ionescu, M. (2011) Characterization of alkaline-earth oxide additions to the MnO2 cathode in an aqueous secondary battery. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509 (20). pp. 5974-5980.

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    Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2011.03.044
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    Abstract

    The effect of alkaline-earth oxide additions on aqueous rechargeable battery is investigated using microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The alkaline-earth oxide additions such as magnesium oxide (MgO) and barium oxide (BaO) were physically mixed to the manganese dioxide (MnO2) cathode of a cell comprising zinc as an anode and aqueous lithium hydroxide as the electrolyte. The results showed that such additions greatly improved the discharge capacity of the battery (from 145 to 195 for MgO and 265 mAh/g for BaO). Capacity fade with subsequent cycling is reduced only for MgO but not for BaO. With an aim to understand the role of these additives and its improvement in cell performance, we have used microscopy, spectroscopy, ion beam analysis and diffraction based techniques to study the process. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis (EDS) results showed evidence of crystalline MnO2 particles for MgO as additive, whereas, MnO2 particles with diffused structure leading to mixture of phases is observed for BaO additives which is in agreement with X-ray diffraction (XRD) data. This work relates to improvement in the electrochemical behaviour of the Zn-MnO2 battery while the MgO additive helps to reduce the formation of manganese and zinc such as hetaerolite that hinders the lithium intercalation

    Publication Type: Journal Article
    Murdoch Affiliation: School of Chemical and Mathematical Science
    Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
    Copyright: © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
    URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/4299
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