Evaluating the effects of nature-based tourism on cetaceans
Bejder, L. and Samuels, A. (2003) Evaluating the effects of nature-based tourism on cetaceans. In: Gales, N., Hindell, M. and Kirkwood, R., (eds.) Marine mammals: fisheries, tourism and management issues. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, pp. 229-251.
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Public demand for close-up experiences with whales, dolphins and porpoises at sea is at an all time high. Commercial tourist ventures include opportunities for people to observe, swim with, touch, or feed wild cetaceans from the shore, sea or air. In 1998, a total of 87 nations and territories offered commercial tourist activities that target wild cetaceans, with more than nine million people participating (Hoyt 2001). Current projections indicate a continued annual growth of well beyond 5% over the next several years (Hoyt 2001).
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