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Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in pre-weaned calves in Western Australia and New South Wales

Ng, J., Yang, R., McCarthy, S., Gordon, C., Hijjawi, N. and Ryan, U. (2011) Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in pre-weaned calves in Western Australia and New South Wales. Veterinary Parasitology, 176 (2-3). pp. 145-150.

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    Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.10.056
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    Abstract

    A total of 364 fecal specimens from randomly selected pre-weaned calves, aged up to 4 months, from 5 different farms in the south of Western Australia and 1 farm from New South Wales were screened for the presence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia using PCR. There were substantial differences in prevalence between the farms and the overall prevalence was 22.3% (81/364) and 26.9% (98/364) respectively for Cryptosporidium and Giardia. For Cryptosporidium, 70 positives were identified at the 18S locus. At a unique diagnostic locus, an additional 12 C. parvum positives were identified. Sequence analysis at the 18S ribosomal RNA locus was successful for 59 of the 70 positive isolates; of these 14 were C. parvum, 28 were C. bovis, 15 were C. ryanae, 1 was pig genotype II and 1 was a mixed C. ryanae/. C. parvum infection. Sub-typing analysis at the glycoprotein 60 (gp60) locus for 24 C. parvum isolates identified all as IIa; 17 were A17G2R1, 1 was A18G3R1 and 6 were A20G3R1. For Giardia, 75 positives were identified at the 18S locus and an additional 23 positives were identified at the gdh locus. The majority of the isolates sequenced were assemblage E, however assemblage A and B and mixed A and E and A, B and E infections as well as the quenda genotype were identified. The findings of the present study indicate that pre-weaned calves are not an important source of zoonotic Giardia species in Australia but may be an important source of zoonotic Cryptosporidium.

    Publication Type: Journal Article
    Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Copyright: © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
    URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/4120
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