The significance of available nutrient fluxes in N and P budgets for maize cropping on a Rhodic Kandiustox: a study with compost, NP fertilizer and stubble removal
Pinitpaitoon, S., Bell, R.W. and Suwanarit, A. (2011) The significance of available nutrient fluxes in N and P budgets for maize cropping on a Rhodic Kandiustox: a study with compost, NP fertilizer and stubble removal. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 89 (2). pp. 199-217.
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Nutrient budgets may be useful tools for nutrient management of crops especially if they estimate the nutrient fluxes available from a variety of sources including organic and inorganic fertilizer, crop residues and soil organic matter. The aim of the present study was to develop a budget of available nutrients by determining the contribution of mineralized nutrient fluxes and fertilizer input relative to nutrient losses and removal in harvested products in the overall N and P balances. N and P inputs and outputs and available N and P fluxes in the soil were estimated for 3 consecutive maize crops where inputs and outputs were altered by NP fertilizer, compost and stubble removal on a Rhodic Kandiustox. A sensitivity analysis of calculated and measured nutrient budget items was conducted to identify the main factors affecting the accuracy of the nutrient balance calculations. Mineral fertilizer rate was the major factor for maize nutrient budgets as shown by its contribution to N and P balances. Without mineral fertilizer application, soil organic matter (SOM) mineralization was the most important within-season nutrient input. In the case of N, shoot uptake was the main output followed by denitrification. Phosphorus adsorption by the soil was the major P output from the available pools followed by shoot uptake. SOM mineralization maintained the pools of available N and P if stubble of the previous crop was returned. Mineral fertilizer application, which produced surplus balances of N and P, would however, be needed to attain high yield, even with stubble return. The available N and P from compost were not significant inputs in the nutrient balances until year 3. Total N and resin extractable P in soil after five crops supported the calculated nutrient balances indicating the importance of available nutrient fluxes in calculating N and P balances.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Environmental Science|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Copyright:||© 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.|
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