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Adiposity and plane of nutrition influence reproductive neuroendocrine and appetite responses to intracerebroventricular insulin and neuropeptide-Y in sheep

Miller, D.W., Bennett, E.J., Harrison, J.L., Findlay, P.A. and Adam, C.L. (2011) Adiposity and plane of nutrition influence reproductive neuroendocrine and appetite responses to intracerebroventricular insulin and neuropeptide-Y in sheep. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 23 (2). pp. 329-338.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RD10150
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Abstract

Long-term nutritional background is thought to influence hypothalamic appetite and reproductive neuroendocrine responses to short-term nutritional feedback. In order to investigate this phenomenon, the effects of intracerebroventricular administration of insulin or neuropeptide-Y (NPY) on LH secretion and voluntary food intake (VFI) were examined in sheep that were initially thin and kept on an increasing nutritional plane (INP), or initially fat and kept on a decreasing nutritional plane (DNP), for 10 weeks. Intracerebroventricular insulin stimulated LH secretion and suppressed VFI in INP sheep when initially thin, but not when they became fat, and had no effect on LH in DNP sheep when initially fat, and stimulated LH secretion when they became thin. Intracerebroventricular NPY had no effect on LH or VFI in INP sheep when initially thin, decreased LH secretion and increased VFI when they became fat, and decreased LH secretion in DNP sheep when initially fat but had no effect when they became thin. Therefore, sensitivity to insulin increases with low or decreasing nutritional status and decreases with high or increasing nutritional status, whereas sensitivity to NPY increases with high or increasing nutritional status and decreases with low or decreasing nutritional status. In conclusion, reproductive neuroendocrine and appetite responses to acute changes in nutritional feedback signals depend on the individual's longer-term nutritional background.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Copyright: © 2011 CSIRO
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/3820
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