EIA follow-up: international best practice principles
Morrison-Saunders, A., Marshall, R. and Arts, J. (2007) EIA follow-up: international best practice principles. International Association for Impact Assessment, Fargo, USA.
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EIA follow-up can be simply defi ned as the monitoring and evaluation of the impacts of a project or plan (that has been subject to EIA) for management of, and communication about, the environmental performance of that project or plan (Morrison-Saunders and Arts 2004). Thus, EIA follow-up comprises four elements (Arts et al., 2001):
1. Monitoring – the collection of activity and environmental data both before (baseline monitoring) and after activity implementation (compliance and impact monitoring).
2. Evaluation – the appraisal of the conformance with standards, predictions or expectations as well as the environmental performance of the activity.
3. Management – making decisions and taking appropriate action in response to issues arising from monitoring and evaluation activities.
4. Communication – informing the stakeholders about the results of EIA follow-up in order to provide feedback on project/plan implementation as well as feedback on EIA processes.
Follow-up is essential for determining the outcomes of EIA. By incorporating feedback into the EIA process, follow-up enables learning from experience to occur. It can and should occur in any EIA system to prevent EIA being just a pro forma exercise.
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Environmental Science|
|Series Name:||Special Publication Series No. 6|
|Publisher:||International Association for Impact Assessment|
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