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The development and validation of an antibody-ELISA to detect Trypanosoma evansi infection in cattle in Australia and Papua New Guinea

Reid, S.A. and Copeman, D.B. (2003) The development and validation of an antibody-ELISA to detect Trypanosoma evansi infection in cattle in Australia and Papua New Guinea. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 61 (3). pp. 195-208.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2003.07.004
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Abstract

Trypanosoma evansi is exotic to Australia and Papua New Guinea (PNG). However, it might have been introduced to Papua (Indonesia); thus, there is a risk of it entering PNG and thence Australia. Because of logistical difficulties in PNG and northern Australia, surveillance for T. evansi must rely on serological tests. The accuracy of an Ab-ELISA using a detergent extract of T. evansi and three antigen fractions purified from the detergent extract using stepwise precipitation with saturated ammonium sulphate (AS) were compared. The ELISA using the AS 40-50% fraction had greater discriminatory power compared to the ELISA using the other antigen fractions. This ELISA then was compared with two commercial tests: the Card Agglutination Test for trypanosomiasis/T. evansi (CATT) and Suratex®. CATT/T. evansi at 1/4 serum dilution has higher sensitivity and the ELISA has higher specificity. There is no likely benefit in combining antibody detection tests to improve the accuracy of diagnosis. Furthermore, the combination of Suratex® (which was independent of the antibody tests) with the CATT or the ELISA did not improve the sensitivity. None of the tests was sufficiently sensitive to be used confidently to determine freedom from infection in animals imported into Australia from countries where T. evansi infection is endemic.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2003 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/3436
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