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Identification of zoonotic Giardia genotypes in marsupials in Australia

Thompson, J., Yang, R., Power, M., Hufschmid, J., Beveridge, I., Reid, S., Ng, J., Armson, A. and Ryan, U. (2008) Identification of zoonotic Giardia genotypes in marsupials in Australia. Experimental Parasitology, 120 (1). pp. 88-93.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2008.05.002
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Abstract

A total of 421 fecal samples from a variety of captive and wild marsupial hosts in Western Australia, Victoria and South Australia were screened for the presence of Giardia species/genotypes using PCR and sequence analysis of a fragment of the 18S rRNA gene. Giardia spp. were identified in 13.4% (28/209) of samples from captive marsupials and 13.7% (29/212) of samples from wild marsupials. Sequence analysis at the 18S locus identified the zoonotic Giardia duodenalis Genotypes A and B in both captive and wild marsupials. Eight isolates were typed as genotype B3 and B4 at the gdh locus, although 7/8 were typed as genotype A at the 18S rRNA locus. The possible reasons for this discordance are discussed. This is the first report of genotype B and only the second report of genotype A in marsupials. As some of the genotype B isolates were identical to human-derived Giardia gdh sequences, these results suggest that marsupials in catchments may pose a public health risk and therefore warrant further investigation.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
School of Nursing & Midwifery
Publisher: Academic Press
Copyright: © 2008 Elsevier Inc.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/3415
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