Evidence of phloem boron transport in response to interrupted boron supply in white lupin (Lupinus albus L. cv. Kiev Mutant) at the reproductive stage
Huang, L., Bell, R.W. and Dell, B. (2008) Evidence of phloem boron transport in response to interrupted boron supply in white lupin (Lupinus albus L. cv. Kiev Mutant) at the reproductive stage. Journal of Experimental Botany, 59 (3). pp. 575-583.
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The present study investigates whether previously acquired boron (B) in mature leaves in white lupin can be retranslocated into the rapidly growing young reproductive organs, in response to short-term (3 d) interrupted B supply. In a preliminary experiment with white lupin in soil culture, B concentrations in phloem exudates remained at 300-500 μM, which were substantially higher than those in the xylem sap (10-30 μM). The high ratios of B concentrations in phloem exudates to those in the xylem sap were close to values published for potassium in lupin plants. To differentiate 'old' B in the shoot from 'new' B in the root, an experiment was carried out in which the plants were first supplied with 20 μM 11B (99.34% by weight) in nutrient solution for 48 d after germination (DAG) until early flowering and then transferred into either 0.2 μM or 20 μM 10B (99.47% by weight) for 3 d. Regardless of the 10B treatments, significant levels of 11B were found in the phloem exudates (200-300 μM in 20 μM 10B and 430 μM in 0.2 μM 10B treatment) and xylem sap over the three days even without 11B supply to the root. In response to the 0.2 μM 10B treatment, the translocation of previously acquired 11B in the young (the uppermost three leaves), matured, and old leaves was enhanced, coinciding with the rise of 11B in the xylem sap (to >15 μM) and phloem exudates (430 μM). The evidence supports the hypothesis that previously acquired B in the shoot was recirculated to the root via the phloem, transferred into the xylem in the root, and transported in the xylem to the shoot. In addition, some previously acquired 11B in the leaves may have been translocated into the rapidly growing inflorescence. Phloem B transport resulted in the continued net increment of 11B in the flowers over 3 d without 11B supply. However, it is still uncertain whether the amount of B available for recirculation is adequate to support reproductive growth until seed maturation.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology|
School of Environmental Science
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Copyright:||© 2008 The Author(s).|
|Notes:||This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/uk/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
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