Comparative organization of wheat homoeologous group 3S and 7L using wheat-rice synteny and identification of potential markers for genes controlling xanthophyll content in wheat
Francki, M., Carter, M., Ryan, K., Hunter, A., Bellgard, M. and Appels, R. (2004) Comparative organization of wheat homoeologous group 3S and 7L using wheat-rice synteny and identification of potential markers for genes controlling xanthophyll content in wheat. Functional & Integrative Genomics, 4 (2). pp. 118-130.
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EST and genomic DNA sequencing efforts for rice and wheat have provided the basis for interpreting genome organization and evolution. In this study we have used EST and genomic sequencing information and a bioinformatic approach in a two-step strategy to align portions of the wheat and rice genomes. In the first step, wheat ESTs were used to identify rice orthologs and it was shown that wheat 3S and rice 1 contain syntenic units with intrachromosomal rearrangements. Further analysis using anchored rice contiguous sequences and TBLASTX alignments in a second alignment step showed interruptions by orthologous genes that map elsewhere in the wheat genome. This indicates that gene content and order is not as conserved as large chromosomal blocks as previously predicted. Similarly, chromosome 7L contains syntenic units with rice 6 and 8 but is interrupted by combinations of intrachromosomal and interchromosomal rearrangements involving syntenic units and single gene orthologs from other rice chromosome groups. We have used the rice sequence annotations to identify genes that can be used to develop markers linked to biosynthetic pathways on 3BS controlling xanthophyll production in wheat and thus involved in determining flour colour.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre|
Centre for Comparative Genomics
|Copyright:||© Springer-Verlag 2004|
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