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Dynamics of extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistance in pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from diseased pigs in Quebec, Canada

Jahanbakhsh, S., Smith, M.G., Kohan-Ghadr, H-R, Letellier, A., Abraham, S., Trott, D.J. and Fairbrother, J.M. (2016) Dynamics of extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistance in pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from diseased pigs in Quebec, Canada. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 48 (2). pp. 194-202.

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The aim of this study was to investigate the evolution with time of ceftiofur-resistant Escherichia coli clinical isolates from pigs in Quebec, Canada, between 1997 and 2012 with respect to pathotypes, clones and antimicrobial resistance. Eighty-five ceftiofur-resistant E. coli isolates were obtained from the OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) Reference Laboratory for Escherichia coli. The most prevalent pathovirotypes were enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC): F4 (40%), extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) (16.5%) and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC): F18 (8.2%). Susceptibility testing to 15 antimicrobial agents revealed a high prevalence of resistance to 13 antimicrobials, with all isolates being multidrug-resistant. bla(CMY-2) (96.5%) was the most frequently detected beta-lactamase gene, followed by bla(TEM) (49.4%) and bla(CTX-M) (3.5%). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) applied to 45 representative E. coli isolates revealed that resistance to ceftiofur is spread both horizontally and clonally. In addition, the emergence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing E. coli isolates carrying bla(CTX-M) was observed in 2011 and 2012 in distinct clones. The most predominant plasmid incompatibility (Inc) groups were IncFIB, IncI1, IncA/C and IncFIC. Resistance to gentamicin, kanamycin and chloramphenicol as well as the frequency of bla(TEM) and IncA/C significantly decreased over the study period, whereas the frequency of IncI1 and multidrug resistance to seven antimicrobial categories significantly increased. These findings reveal that extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant porcine E. coli isolates in Quebec belong to several different clones with diverse antimicrobial resistance patterns and plasmids. Furthermore, bla(CMY-2) was the major beta-lactamase gene in these isolates. From 2011, we report the emergence of bla(CTX-M) in distinct clones.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. and International Society of Chemotherapy.
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