Combined effect of nonionic surfactant Tween 80 and DOM on the behaviors of PAHs in soil–water system
Cheng, K.Y. and Wong, J.W.C. (2006) Combined effect of nonionic surfactant Tween 80 and DOM on the behaviors of PAHs in soil–water system. Chemosphere, 62 (11). pp. 1907-1916.
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Batch experiments were performed to examine the desorption behavior of phenanthrene and pyrene in soil–water system in the presence of nonionic surfactant Tween 80 and dissolved organic matter (DOM) derived from pig manure or pig manure compost. Addition of 150 mg l−1 Tween 80 desorbed 5.8% and 2.1% of phenanthrene and pyrene from soil into aqueous phase, respectively, while the addition of both Tween 80 and DOM derived from pig manure compost and pig manure could further enhance the desorption of phenanthrene to 15.8% and 16.2%, respectively, and 6.4% and 10.9%, respectively, for pyrene. In addition, our finding also suggested that subsequent addition of Tween 80 into the soil–water system could further enhance PAHs desorption. The enhancement effect of the co-existence of Tween 80 and DOM was more than the additive effect of the Tween 80 and DOM individually. It is likely that the formation of DOM–surfactant complex in the soil–water system may be a possible reason to explain such desorption enhancement phenomenon. Therefore, it is anticipated that the coexistence of both Tween 80 and DOM derived from pig manure or pig manure compost in soil environment will enhance the bioavailability of PAHs as well as other hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) by enhancing the desorption during remediation process.
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