In vitro synthesis of Pisolithus-Eucalyptus ectomycorrhizae: synchronization of lateral tip emergence and ectomycorrhizal development
Burgess, T., Dell, B. and Malajczuk, N. (1996) In vitro synthesis of Pisolithus-Eucalyptus ectomycorrhizae: synchronization of lateral tip emergence and ectomycorrhizal development. Mycorrhiza, 6 (3). pp. 189-196.
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A simple and reproducible in vitro system is described for the synthesis of Pisolithus-Eucalyptus grandis ectomycorrhizae. Hyphal discs from actively growing colonies were placed in large petri dishes containing minimum nutrient agar overlaid with cellophane and allowed to grow for 7 days. Seeds were then surface sterilized and placed above the expanding fungal colonies and the plates slanted. Seedlings that germinated and grew in the presence of fungal hyphae had twice as many lateral root tips as seedlings that germinated before they were transferred onto hyphal mats. In addition, the lateral root tips of inoculated seedlings had a faster maturation rate and emerged closer to the primary root apex than non-inoculated seedlings. All lateral tips emerged in contact with fungal hyphae and the differentiation of ectomycorrhizae was followed by examining lateral tips basipetally along a single primary root. Typical ectomycorrhizae had formed on 4-day- old lateral tips, i.e. a mantle, radially elongated epidermal cells and a Hartig net commencing about 0.3 mm behind the lateral root apex. Thereafter, the mantle continued to thicken and the apical meristem diminished. The Hartig net often surrounded the apex of 11- to 12-day-old lateral root tips. This model system will facilitate detailed studies on synchronized ectomycorrhizal development and associated molecular and biochemical changes.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Biological and Environmental Sciences|
|Copyright:||(c) Springer Verlag|
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